Morbidity and Mortality of Genital Cancers in Gynecology Oncology Department IsfahanUniversityof Medical Sciences

Document Type : Original Article



Introduction: Genital cancers are the most common female cancers, some of which, such as ovarian cancer, have highest mortality rates. Genital cancers treatment does not only increase survival, but also improves life quality. The goal of this study was to determine genital cancers morbidity and mortality.
Material and Methods: This cross- sectional descriptive study was done in the years 1996- 2002 on referral patients to Beheshti and Alzahra Centers of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, who had genital cancers. 302 cases with genital cancers, through simple sampling, were studied. Individual, treatment results, and treatment complications were recorded in a questionnaire and analyzed with SPSS –10 statistical package including chi square, analysis of variance, spearman’s correlation coefficient, and T-test.
Results: Results of this study showed that bleeding was seen in 6.1%, operation site infection in 3%, thromboembolic disease in 1.1%, UTI in 3%, bowel obstruction in 2.7%, pelvic abscess in 1.1%, anuria in 1.1%, lymphocyst in 0.76%, incisional dehiscence in 0.38%, bladder atonia in 1.9%, major blood vessels injury in 0.38%, ureterovaginal fistula in 0.76%, rectovaginal fistula in 0.76%, rectovesical fistula in 0.38%, vesicovaginal fistula in 0.38%, ileovaginal fistula in 0.38%, urinary incontinence in 0.76%, and death in 0.38%.
Conclusion: In this study intraoperative complications rate was 3.04% that was 6% in other studies. Infectious complications were seen in 7% that in other studies was around 4% (perhaps due to proper antibiotics). Post infectious complications were seen in 6.8% in this study, 4% in others.


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