The survey of factors associated with unwanted pregnancy among women referringto health care centers of Iranshahr in 2007

Document Type : Original Article


1 M.Sc. of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.

2 Ph.d. Student, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.

3 B.Sc. of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.

4 M.Sc. of Statistics, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.


Introduction: Unwanted pregnancy is a global public health concern that affects women, their families and the society Lack of interest in the causes of unwanted pregnancy and its negative effects can result in serious consequences for public health. The purpose of this study was to examine some of the factors related to unwanted pregnancy among women referring to health care centers of Iranshahr in 2007.
Methods: This study analytic case-control study was performed on 960Iranian pregnant women who referred to the health care centers of Iranshahr and were chosen by available sampling method. Data was collected using a researcher-made questionnaire containing individual characteristics, fertility behaviors and the method of contraception by interview. Data was analyzed by SPSS (11), using Chi-Square and In depended t-test.
Results: Most unwanted pregnancy occurred in women who were above 35 years old, illiterate or with primary school education. There was also a significant relationship between these variables and pregnancy type (p=0.001). 81% of women with unwanted pregnancy applied a contraceptive method before current pregnancy that 39.3% had stopped prevention method before current pregnancy and 60.7% became pregnant while using a contraceptive method.. Most unwanted pregnancy occurred in women who took oral contraceptive pills (61.1%), condom (25.8%) and withdrawals (10.6%), respectively.
Conclusion: for improving the quality of family planning services to be necessary holding extensive educational programs about contraceptive methods and the disadvantages of unwanted pregnancy especially for older and illiterate women seem to be necessary.


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