Analysis of Decree of Abortion in Different Branches of Islamic Jurisprudence

Document Type : Original Article


1 Assistant Professor of Islamic Jurisprudence and Fundamentals of Islamic Law, Faculty of Islamic Sciences and Researches, Qazvin Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran.

2 Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Women’s Health Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

3 M.Sc. of Islamic Jurisprudence and Fundamentals of Islamic Law, Faculty of Islamic Sciences and Researches, Qazvin Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran.


One of the issues which counterpart medicine and ethics is abortion. Since the fetus passes two stages from arise till final development which at first level has not any spirit and at second level gains spirit, a group of jurists based on the evidence believe that in moral view, abortion of fetus with spirit is not allowed at all. But in scientist and medical view, abortion is allowed for the fetus that leads to death of mother and causes severe body harms in a manner that causes hard continuation of life; also the fetus that has a lot of abnormalities which his/her birth actually is the animal life without any understanding and spending heavy money for his/her is useless. In challenge of ethics and the resulted loss, what is the best way to solve the problem? Does the abortion in any condition opposite to ethics and is forbidden? Really, what kind of abortion is not allowed? What should do in argument task between life of mother and fetus? Whether abortion which is prescribed by a doctor is considered homicide?
In this article, in addition to the reasonable answer to these questions, we have proved that abortion in any level of its life is not absolutely forbidden but in some conditions is necessary and even obligation.


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