Evaluating the Prevalence of Asymptomatic Urinary Tract Infection and Anemia in Pregnant Women in First Trimester

Document Type : Original Article


1 Assistant Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Kordestan University of Medical Sciences, Kordestan, Iran.

2 Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Kordestan University of Medical Sciences, Kordestan, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Kordestan University of Medical Sciences, Kordestan, Iran.

4 Assistant Professor of Health, Faculty of Health, Kordestan University of Medical Sciences, Kordestan, Iran.


Introduction: Urinary tract infection and anemia are the important risk factors during pregnancy that can lead to serious complications such as preterm labor, low birth weight, increase in maternal and fetal mortality and hypertension in pregnancy. The aim of this study was evaluating the prevalence of asymptomatic urinary tract infection and anemia in pregnant women in first trimester.
Methods: This was a cross sectional study was done in 5 health centers of Sanandaj in 2009. The inclusion criteria was pregnant women in first trimester and the exclusion criteria were symptomatic UTI, history of renal stone, abnormality in urinary tract and antibiotic consumption in 14 days ago and multiple pregnancy. Urine culture and hemoglobin were checked. Data were analyzed by T test, chi square test and SPSS software version 11.5. P-value less than 0.05 was considered significant.
Results: In this study 1500 pregnant women were evaluated. The mean of age was 28.4±6.1 year and mean of hemoglobin was 12.43±0.89 mg/dl. 107 subjects (7.1%) had hemoglobin less than 11 mg/dl. No significant relationship were seen between anemia and gravidity (p=0.905) and number of parity (p=0.432). 114 subjects (7.6%) had positive urine culture. There was seen a significant relationship between urinary tract infection and anemia (p<0.001). No significant relationship was seen between results of urine culture and parity and gravidity. Also no relationship was seen between anemia and gravidity and parity (p>0.05).
Conclusion: There is asignificant relationship between anemia and urinary tract infection in first trimester of pregnancybut not between anemia and gravidity and parity.


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