The Relationship between Restless-Leg Syndrome and Sleep Quality Disorder in Pregnant Women

Document Type : Original Article


1 Associate Professor of Nursing Management, Member of Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

2 M.Sc. of Nursing, Imam Khomeini Hospital of Saqqez, Kordestan University of Medical Sciences, Kordestan, Iran.


Introduction: Restless-leg Syndrome is a movement-disorder which is characterized by intense desire of moving legs during the rest. Patients often experience brief involuntary muscle jerks leading to sleep disturbance. The present study has been implemented to investigate the relationship between restless-leg syndromes and sleep disturbance in pregnant women.
Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study with accessible sampling was performed on 110 pregnant women who referred to office of Saqqez gynecologists in 2011. A questionnaire was used for data collection; the first part of which was about demographic information. Restless Legs Syndrome screening questionnaire and Athens Insomnia Scale for assessment of sleep quality, Epworth Sleepiness Scale for assessment of drowsiness during the day were used, as well. Data were analyzed by SPSS software (Version16), t-test, and chi-square .P value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: The results showed that 22.7 percent of pregnant women suffered from restless-leg syndrome. There was a significant association between restless-leg syndrome and sleep quality disturbance (p<0.01) and excessive day-sleepiness (p<0.04).
Conclusion: Results of the study indicated a significant association between restless-leg syndrome and sleep quality disorder during pregnancy.


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