Prevalence of Some Risk Factors in Pregnant Women

Document Type : Original Article


1 Assistant professor of Nutrition sciences, Faculty of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

2 B.Sc. of Nutrition, Health Center of Kermanshah, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

3 Assistant professor of Radiology, Faculty of Paramedical, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

4 Ph.D. Student of Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

5 B.Sc. of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

6 M.Sc. of Demography, Deputy of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran


Introduction: Pregnant women are so vulnerable in each society; therefore, assessing and monitoring the health of the mother and her neonate during pregnancy is very important. The present study is aimed to assess pregnant women’s health status in Kermanshah in 2010.
Methods: This crass-sectional study was conducted in Kermanshah province, Western Iran in 2010. Data related to maternal health information including demographic, anthropometric and hematological of "prenatal care" were gathered from all regional cities of Kermanshah province. Collected data were analysed by using the statistical software SPSS version 16, descriptive statistics, Correlation test, and Z-test. P value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: A total of 32450 pregnancies were recorded during the study. The prevalence of overweight was %22.9, underweight (%5.7), high blood pressure (%1.4), anemia (%3.6), diabetics %1.2 and teeth problem was %11.7. There was significant difference in prevalence of diabetes (p=0.023), anemia (p=0.001), overweight and underweight (p=0.02) between different regions of province. Abortion rate, stillbirth and premature delivery were %4.7, %0.64 and %2 respectively. The highest prevalence of anemia, overweight and diabetes was reported in Sahneh, Paveh and Dalahoo cities and the lowest in Kanghavar, Salase Babajani and Ghilane Gharb cities. The regional prevalence of unexpected pregnancy and caesarean were 4.6% and 42% respectively. The maximum rate of which (50%) was reported in Ghasre Shirin.
Conclusion: Prevalence of overweight and underweight in Kermanshah province was high.


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