Frequency of Positive Symptoms of Dystemperament in Patients with Excess Uterine Hemorrhage from the Iranian Medicine Perspective

Document Type : Original Article


1 Assistant professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Assistant professor, Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran.

3 General Practitioner, Traditional Iranian Medicine Research Association, Student's Scientific Research Center, Faculty of Traditional Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 Resident of Traditional Medicine, Faculty of Traditional Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.


Introduction: Abnormal uterine bleeding or excess uterine hemorrhage is the most common reason for referring to physicians in women at reproductive age. One of the major causes of disorders in traditional Iranian medicine or Persian Medicine is Dystemperament (Sou-e-Mezaj). Excess uterine hemorrhage is known as “Kesrat Tams” in this school. The present study is held to evaluate the frequency of positive symptoms of Dystemperaments in patients with excess uterine hemorrhage.
Methods: This case study was carried out on 70 patients in the reproductive age of 15 to 45 suffering from excess uterine hemorrhage. A self-made questionnaire was used for data collection which was designed based on traditional Iranian medicine textbooks and related resources. Census sampling was implemented. Gathered data were analyzed by using SPSS software version 11.5. In order to explain the data, indicator of central tendency and dispersion including rates, percentages, frequency tables and graphs were used.
Results: The mean age of the subjects was 31.6 years, with a standard deviation of 9.5. In this study the symptom of dystemperament (according to classification of the Great Elixir) was obtained separately. Most frequent symptoms were rapid pulse rate, pale urine, feeling tiresome, insomnia, yellow eyes, and change of urine color. Also, we found that warm dystemperament (among simple dystemperaments) and Phlegmatic dystemperament (among humeral dystemperaments) received higher ratings.
Conclusion: Pulse rates, the color of urine and face are the three main components of dystemperaments diagnosis. Meanwhile, asking about foods, drugs and places where the patient is comfortable with or feels uncomfortable are also important.


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