Effects of Burns during Pregnancy: A Four Years Study in Taleghani Hospital, Ahvaz, Iran

Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D. Student of Health Information Management, Faculty of Para medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Plastic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

3 Ph.D. Student of Reproductive Health, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.


Introduction: Burns during pregnancy can have unpleasant consequences on pregnancy and endanger fetus and mother's life. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of burns during pregnancy and its effect.
Methods: This was a cross sectional, descriptive and prospective study conducted on 510 women at reproductive age (15 -45 year old) who had burns and admitted to Taleghani hospital, Ahvaz, Iran, 2006-2009. Data were collected by a research made check list and patients' medical records. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 15 and descriptive statistics tests.
Results: 32 cases (6.3%) were pregnant among 510 married women admitted for burn injuries. The mean age of patients was 25.5±6 years. The mean total body surface area burned was 52.2±26.8%. Pregnancy was complicated in 19 patients with burns over 40%. Most of complications occurred within the first 72 hours of admission. Abortion occurred in 9 patients (28.1%) and pregnancy was terminated in 10 cases (31.3%). In 3 patients who were respectively at weeks 32, 34 and 38 of pregnancy, the fetuses were survived due to timely performed cesarean section in the first 48 hours of admission. The mortality rate of patients was 40.6%.
Conclusion: Injuries greater than 40% body surface area burns can have adverse effects on pregnancy outcome.