Document Type : Original Article
Lecturer of Health and Management, Health Sciences Research Center, Faculty of Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
M.Sc. Student of Health Education, Student Research Committee, Faculty of Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Associate Professor, Department of Biostatistics, Health Sciences Research Center, Faculty of Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
M.Sc. of Educational Planning, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Introduction: Breast cancer is considered as a cause of death in women. In developed countries, one out of every nine women are diagnosed with this type of cancer. The prevalence of this disease is increasing in Iran and patients with breast cancer in our country are about 10 years younger than similar patients in western countries. This study was conducted to determine the correlation between protection motivation, perceived self efficacy and perceived response costs by behavior of breast self-examination in volunteers in Mashhad, 2012.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 410 health volunteers above age 20 years who were selected by stratified sampling method from population covered by urban health centers of Mashhad. Each of 1 to 5 health centers of Mashhad was considered as a class. Cases were selected and studied from each class, proportional to the number of covered volunteers of that health center. Data were collected by self-report questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS software version 18 and statistical t-test, Spearman and Pearson correlation coefficient, linear regression. P value less than 0.05 was considered significance.
Results: The mean age of participant was 34.8±9.3 years. The Pearson correlation was shown a significant correlation between perceived response costs (r=-0.093, p<0.001), protection motivation (r=0.497, p>0.001), perceived self-efficacy (r=0.233, p<0.001) and behavior of breast self-examination.
Conclusion: This study had shown the effectiveness of protection motivation, perceived response costs, perceived self-efficacy to emphasize the behavior of breast self-examination. Thus, reducing the perceived costs of breast self-examination in women can be regarded as a principle in education to facilitate the adoption behavior.