The role of carbohydrates and dietary energy intake in functional ovarian cysts

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD student of Reproduction Biology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

2 Instructor of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ovulation Disorders Research Center, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

4 M.Sc. Student of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.


Introduction: Ovarian cysts are considered as the common and important diseases in women. The amount of Carbohydrates affects blood glucose and insulin levels and insulin affects ovarian function through changes in sexual hormones and insulin-like growth factor (IGF). This study was conducted with aim to determine the relationship between carbohydrates and dietary energy intake with functional ovarian cysts in women at reproductive age.
Methods: This case-control study was performed on 264 women (132 with Follicular cyst and 132 as control group) referred to Ghaem, Imam Reza, and Omolbanin hospitals, Mashhad in 2014. Data was collected using individual, medical and midwifery questionnaire. The amount of carbohydrate and dietary energy intake was measured by semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Data were analyzed by SPSS statistical software (version 16) and Pearson and Spearman correlation coefficient tests and t-test and Chi-square test. PResults: In this study, the mean amount of used carbohydrates and calories was higher in women with functional ovarian cysts, but this difference was not statistically significant (P> 0.05). But, the amount of used carbohydrates and energy intake was higher in women with ovarian cyst. 
Conclusion: Due to the higher levels of dietary carbohydrates and energy intake in women with functional ovarian cysts, it is essential to train women in reproductive age. Also, it is recommended that the study be performed as prospective.


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