Infertility in Iranian Traditional Medicine from Hakim Mohammad Azam Khan point of view

Document Type : Original Article


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Traditional Medicine, Institute of Medical History Studies, Islamic and Complementary Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

2 Instructor of Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Valieh Asr Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.


Introduction: Fertility and having healthy child is one of the valuable indexes in people's health. Incidence of infertility in the world has a treatment economic load and also causes significant psychiatric complications for the infertile couples and threats the health of family. Given the importance of the issue, attention to complementary medicine and use of Iranian traditional medicine can be useful and helpful. This study was performed with aim to evaluate the causes of infertility from Iranian traditional Medicine (ITM) point of view according to the valuable Exir book of Hakim Mohammad Azam Khan.
Methods: This study was performed as library based on reference availabe and reliable books of traditional medicine such as law in medicine, store of Kharazmshahi, Aghili's Kholasah al-Hekmah and Moalejat with a focus on Azam Exir, and finally, what Hakim Azam Khan explained about the causes of infertility was stated.
Results: Iranian medicine Hokama have suggested various reasons as the causes of infertility in men and women, separately, and stated different treatment methods such as single plants, combined drugs and method performed manually including bloodletting, cupping, and massage, and at the end of the treatment method in food section explained the type of food that is useful for disease. They divided causes of infertility into two groups of male and female factors and emphasized on the existence of semen in men and women and the role of each one in fertility. Sufficient production of semen in males and ovum in females depends on the health of body's main and vital members (including the heart, brain and liver). They reported fertility was possible through the health of genital system and production of reproductive semen in both and simultaneous orgasm of man and woman when having sex.
Conclusion: According to the careful viewpoint of Hakim Azam Khan in explaining the causes of infertility and accurately classifying them, as well as description of how to diagnose and treatment courses of each of the infertility causes, it seems that today by relying on their views on empirical research, we can achieve more effective treatments for infertility.


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