Effectiveness of training programs on nutritional status during pregnancy: Comparison of group discussion method and multi-media package

Document Type : Original Article


1 Associate Professor, Department of Public Health, Social Development & Health Promotion Research Centre, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran

2 M.Sc. student of Health training and Health Promotion, School of Health, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran

3 PhD student of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, UPM University, Selangor, Malaysia.


Introduction: Pregnancy is from the most risky period of women's life and nutrition during this period will affect the health of the mother and fetus. This study was performed aimed to compare the effectiveness of nutrition training by group discussion method and using multi-media package on the nutritional status of pregnant women.
Methods: This quasi-experimental study with a control group was performed on 174 pregnant women in health centers of Mashhad and Gonabad. Multimedia package was designed using Autoplay software (version 8.2). The pretest of output of the test subjects were studied. Then, nutrition training was performed by group discussion method and multimedia packages. Finally, a month after the intervention, posttest of output was completed. Data analysis was performed using Dietplan software (version 6) and SPSS software (version 20) and one-way ANOVA and paired t-test. PResults:Variables niacin (P=0/04), vitamin B6 (P=0/04), vitamin D (P=0/01), B12 (P=0/03) in a closed multimedia pre- and post-intervention difference were statistically significant. Folate (P=0/04) vitamin c (P = 0/03), carotene (P=0/006) and fiber (P = 0/03) in group discussions before and after the intervention group had a statistically significant difference. Compared to the methods used, the mean scores were higher in group discussion about the multimedia package.
Conclusions: The two methods of group discussion and multimedia package significantly improve the nutritional status of pregnant women than pre-intervention compared to the control group. Comparison of two methods of teaching showed that group discussion method was more effective than multi-media package method.


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