Relationship between Fertility Motivations and Preferences in Couples

Document Type : Original Article


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical sciences, Mashhad, Iran

2 M.Sc. student of midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

3 Professor, Department of Social Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.


Introduction: Human is a decision maker and his/her every action is triggered by different motivations. Motivation is directly involved in one’s childbearing decision. Considering the lack of information about young couples’ childbearing motivations and preferences in our country, this study was conducted to determine the relationship between fertility motivations and preferences in couples referring to premarital counseling clinics at Mashhad healthcare centers in 2013.
Methods: In this descriptive, analytical study, 450 couples, referring to healthcare centers providing premarital counseling, were selected via convenience sampling. Data were collected using Miller’s Fertility Preferences and Childbearing Questionnaire. The gathered data were analyzed using Pearson’s correlation and independent t-test.
Results: As the results indicated, positive childbearing motivation like the traditional view was significantly correlated with childbearing desires and ideal number of children (P<0.001); however, it was inversely associated with the preferred time for childbearing (P<0.001). Also, negative childbearing motivation like Fear of being parents was not significantly associated with fertility preferences (P>0.001).
Conclusion: The findings of this study indicated that positive childbearing motivations are significantly correlated with childbearing desires and the ideal number of children.


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