Prevalence of Cervico-vaginal Infections in Relationship with Some Factors In Pap Smear Sampling

Document Type : Original Article


1 B.Sc student of Nursing, Student Research Committee, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Development of child and family, Education Development Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.

3 Associate Professor, Nursing Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.

4 M.Sc student of Biostatistics, Faculty of health, Ahvaz Jundishahpur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

5 Associate Professor, School of Medicine, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.


Introduction: Cervicovaginal infections are the most common problems in clinical medicine and a major cause of illness in women of reproductive age. Pap smear is a reliable technique and easiest method to evaluate and diagnose of cervicovaginal infections. The study aimed to determine the frequency of genital infections in pap smear samples at Sayyad Shirazi Hospital of Medical Center in Gorgan, Iran.
Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive research, consensus sampling is used on all 1010 cytology (Pap smear) sheets of women which had referred to the central teaching hospital (Shahid Sayyad Shirazi) in 2012. The data collected by two part checklist of demographic and pap smear information. Data were analyzed by using descriptive and analytical statistical test. P-values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant.
Results: 14.15% Candida albicans and 3.6% Trichomoniasis infections reported while 535 women (52.9%) were from rural and 475 women (47.1%) were from urban area. There was no infection in 431 women (80.7%). The lowest infection rate was in women with mechanical contraceptive method. There was significant relationship between infection and age(p>0.05). Infection is more frequent on sexually active women (P=0.007)
Conclusions: It seems that sexual health education for Sexually active women can be effective in preventing infection.


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