Aspects of epidemiology of infertility in Ilam in 2013

Document Type : Original Article


1 Associate Professor, Department of Epidemiology, School of Medicine, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.

2 Student of Ph.D. by Research, Psychosocial Injuries Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.

3 M.Sc. of Midwifery, Student Research Committee, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.

4 M.Sc. Student of Midwifery, Student Research Committee, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.


Introduction: Infertility is defined as the absence of pregnancy without using contraception methods after one year of regular intercourse. Considering the importance of childbearing in terms of religion and general culture community, infertility is one of the reasons for divorce. This study was performed aimed to determine prevalence and causes of infertility among couples in Ilam province in 2013.
Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted on 1013 married women living in urban and rural areas of Ilam who referred to private centers of gynecology. Data were gathered based on a self-made questionnaire and interview. The content validity was used in order to confirm the questionnaire validity. Data were analyzed by SPSS software version 16andKolmogrov smirnov and Kruskal wallis tests. P value less than 0.05 was considered significant.
Results: 896 (88.4%) women of 1013 participants had no problem in Fertility. Present primary infertility and history of primary infertility were reported in 37 (3.6%) and 17(1.7%) of all participants respectively. There are a significant relationship between the married age and infertility (P<0.001). But there was any significant relationship between the Menarche age and infertility (P=0.956).
Conclusion: The estimated prevalence of infertility among study population in Ilam province was higher in compared with other studies. This difference will require further investigation of the etiology and risk factors.


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