Effect of Purslane seed Capsule in Prevention of Postpartum after pain in Multiparous Mothers: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Document Type : Original Article


1 M.Sc. Student of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Midwifery, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacology, Pharmacologic and Medicinal Plants Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

4 Instructor, Department of Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

5 Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Women's Health Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.


Introduction: After pain is one of the postpartum problems that sometimes requires analgesics to remove it, and its relief improves lactation and better communication between mother and baby. Pharmacological evalution of Purslane seed indicates the effect of this plant on pain adjustment and regulation. This study was performed with aim to determine the effect of purslane seed in preventionof after pain.
Methods: This triple-blind clinical trial study was conducted on 74 multiparous mothers in Shirvan city affiliated to North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences in 2018. The research units were randomly divided into two groups of purslane seed (n=37) and placebo (n=37). After completing third stage of delivery, one capsule of purslane seed or placebo was given to the research unit. The patients in both groups received analgesics if they had pain. After start of the intervention, the capsules were consumed every 8 hours (up to 4 doses). The score of after pain was measured after the intervention and one hour before and after the next doses using the visual analogue scale of pain. Data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 25) and Mann-Whitney, independent t-test, Fisher, and Chi-square tests. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: After taking capsules, the intensity of after pain in the purslane seed group significantly decreased compared to the placebo group (p<0.001). The number of consumed analgesics in multiparous mothers of purslane seed group was significantly less than the placebo group (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Purslane seed is effective in reducing the intensity of after pain and preventing it, and it reduces the need for edible analgesics.


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