بررسی تأثیر افشره شوید بر شدت تهوع پس از زایمان سزارین

نوع مقاله: اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مربی گروه مامایی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی سبزوار، سبزوار، ایران. دانشجوی دکتری، دانشکده بهداشت عمومی، دانشگاه وین، اتریش.

2 دکترای فیزیولوژی، دانشکده علوم پایه، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی سبزوار، سبزوار، ایران.

3 استادیار گروه تغذیه، دانشکده تغذیه، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کاشان، کاشان، ایران.

4 مربی گروه آمار زیستی، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی سبزوار، سبزوار، ایران.

5 کارشناس ارشد مطالعات خانواده، دانشگاه خیام مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

6 دانشجوی پزشکی، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه وین، اتریش.

چکیده

مقدمه: تهوع و استفراغ، از شکایات‌ شایع پس از سزارین می‌باشند که به طور معمول در ساعات اول بعد از عمل روی می‌دهند و مصرف داروهای گیاهی یکی از راه‌های بهبود این سندرم می‌باشد. مطالعه حاضر با هدف تعیین تأثیر مصرف افشره شوید بر تهوع پس از سزارین انجام شد.
روش‌کار: این مطالعه کارآزمایی بالینی دو‌سو‌کور در سال 1393 بر روی 128 زن سزارین شده در بیمارستان شهیدان مبینی شهر سبزوار انجام گرفت. افراد در دو گروه دارونما و دارو قرار گرفتند. دارو و دارونما بعد از قطع سرم، به میزان 3 دوز 40 قطره هر 20 دقیقه به زنانی که دچار تهوع بعد از عمل شده بودند، خورانده شد. میزان تأثیر افشره شوید بر شدت تهوع با استفاده از مقیاس دیداری VASارزیابی شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار آماری SPSS (نسخه 20) و آزمون‌های کای دو، تست دقیق فیشر و تی دانشجویی انجام شد. میزان p کمتر از 05/0 معنی‌دار در نظر گرفته شد.
یافته‌ها: بر اساس آزمون کای دو، میزان شدت تهوع در گروه دارو نسبت به گروه دارونما در 20 دقیقه دوم (001/0p<) و 20 دقیقه سوم (001/0p<) و 120 دقیقه بعد از مداخله (001/0p<) به‌طور معنی‌داری کاهش داشت. هیچ عارضه جانبی توسط نمونه‌ها گزارش نشد.
نتیجه‏گیری: مصرف افشره شوید موجب بهبود شدت تهوع پس از زایمان می‌گردد، لذا توصیه می‌شود افشره شوید به‌عنوان داروی ضد تهوع گیاهی برای مادرانی که تهوع بعد از سزارین دارند، مورد استفاده قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of Anethum graveolens L. oil consumption on the intensity of nausea after cesarean section

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nasrin fazel 1
  • Akbar pejhan 2
  • Mohsen Taghizadeh 3
  • Yaser Tabarayi 4
  • Fahimeh Rivadeh 5
  • Leyla farkhondeh 6
1 Instructor, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and midwifery, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran. PhD student, School of Public Health, Vienna University, Austria.
2 PhD of Physiology, School of Basic Sciences, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran.
3 Assistant professor, Department of Nutrition, School of Nutrition, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.
4 Instructor, Department of Biostatistics, School of Health, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar , Iran.
5 M.Sc. in Family Studies, Khayyam University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.
6 Medicine student, Faculty of Medicine, Vienna University, Austria.
چکیده [English]

Background & Objective: Nausea and vomiting are common complaints after cesarean section which typically occurs during the first postoperative times. Also herbal medicine use is one way to improve the syndrome. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the effect of Anethum graveolens L. Oil on nausea after cesarean in sabzevar Mobini hospital.
Materials & method: This double-blinded clinical trial, involving 128 women who underwent cesarean (placebo 59 - drug 69), was carried out in Mobini Hospital in Sabzevar in2014.The method was eat drug and placebo after finished npo , three dose 40 drop per 20 minutes in those women with nausea. The effect of Anethum graveolens L oil on nausea with using v.a.s. was evaluated.This scale was shown patient's feelings with different colors. Significantly was p<0.05.The study statistical methods included Chi-square, Fisher's exact test, and t-student.
Results: According of result, chi – Squire Test indicated a significant difference between two groups in nausea had decreased in second and third 20 minutes (P<0/001). Subjects did not declaration any side effects either during or after the study.
Discussion: Therefore, Anethum graveolens L oil is effective on nausea intensity after cesarean section then the research hypothesis was confirmed.Also considering the importance of maternal and neonatal healthy, a similar study on other nausea causes is recommended.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Anethum graveolens L (dill) oil
  • Cesarean
  • Nausea
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