نقش تصور از بدن و باورهای وسواسی در پیش‌بینی عملکرد جنسی در زنان باردار

نوع مقاله: اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد مشاوره توان‌بخشی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران.

2 کارشناس ارشد مشاوره خانواده، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: دوران بارداری یکی از حساس‌ترین دوره‌های زندگی زنان است که عملکرد جنسی آن‌ها با مشکلاتی همراه بوده و علت آن را می‌توان باورهای نادرست مانند تغییر تصور ذهنی فرد از بدن خویش، کاهش احساس جذابیت کافی برای همسر، ترس از آسیب به جنین و سقط دانست. با توجه به نتایج گوناگونی که پژوهش‌ها از عمیق‌تر شدن و یا گسستگی روابط جنسی در این دوران گزارش کرده‌اند، لذا مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی نقش تصور از بدن و باورهای وسواسی در پیش‌بینی عملکرد جنسی زنان باردار انجام شد.
روش‌کار: این مطالعه توصیفی از نوع همبستگی بر روی 50 زن باردار که در مهر ماه سال 1394 جهت پیگیری مراقبت‌های دوران بارداری به مطب پزشکان متخصص زنان و زایمان شهرستان شهرکرد مراجعه کردند، انجام شد. ابزار پژوهش شامل: پرسشنامه‌های انعطاف‌پذیری تصور ذهنی از بدن که بیانگر میزان وخامت اوضاع فرد در انعطاف‌پذیری تصویر ذهنی می‌باشد، افکار وسواسی که فهرستی از نگرش‌ها یا باورهایی را که گاهی افراد ابراز نمی‌کنند منعکس می‌کند و مقیاس عملکرد جنسی زناشویی که عملکرد جنسی فرد را در حیطه‌های مشارکت جنسی، ابراز جنسی، احساس جنسی، تمایل جنسی، تحقق جنسی، نگرش جنسی و آگاهی ارزیابی می‌کند، بود. تجریه و تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم افزار آماری SPSS (نسخه 18) و ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و تحلیل رگرسیون چندگانه انجام شد. میزانp  کمتر از 05/0 معنی‌دار در نظر گرفته شد.
یافته‌ها: در این مطالعه بین تصور از بدن و عملکرد جنسی و همچنین بین باورهای وسواسی با عملکرد جنسی ارتباط منفی و معناداری وجود داشت (01/0>p).
نتیجه‌گیری: با توجه به رابطه معنادار میان تصور از بدن و عملکرد جنسی می‌توان به زنان در خصوص افزایش جنبه‌های مختلف سلامت، باورها و ارزشیابی آموزش‌های لازم را به کار برد تا از سلامت جسمی، روانی و اجتماعی بیشتری برخوردار شوند و در نتیجه عملکرد فردی، زناشویی، خانوادگی و اجتماعی آنان افزایش یابد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The role of body image and obsessive believes in prediction of sexual function among pregnant women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Najme Balali Dehkordi 1
  • Marziyeh Sadat Rouholamini 2
1 M.Sc. of Rehabilitation Counseling, School of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allame Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.
2 M.Sc. of Family Counseling, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allame Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

[1]
Introduction: Pregnancy is one of the very sensitive periods of women’s life. Sexual function is associated with some problems among them that its cause may be many wrong beliefs such as change in one's body image, decrease of attractive feel for husband,  and afraid of hurting to baby, and abortion. Regarding to different results reported in the studies about deepening or rupture in sexual relations during this period, therefore, this study was performed with aim to evaluate the role of body image and obsessive believes in prediction of sexual function among pregnant women.
Methods: This descriptive correlation study was performed on 50 pregnant women who had referred to the clinic of Sharekord Gynecologists for prenatal care follow-up. The study’s tools included body image flexibility questionnaire(BI-AAQ( which indicates the rate of tensity in one’s situation of body image flexibility, obsessive believes questionnaire(OBQ-44( which indicates a list of attitudes or beliefs that sometimes people do not express, and sexual function scale (MSFS) which evaluates the person's sexual performance in the area of sexual partnerships, sexual expression, sexual feelings, sexual desire, sexual fulfillment, sexual attitudes and awareness evaluates. Data analysis was performed by SPSS software (version 18) and Pearson Correlation and Multiple Regression analysis. PResults: There was negative and significant relationship between body image and sexual function and also between obsessive believes and sexual function (P<0.01).
Conclusion: According to significant relationship between body image and sexual function, the women can be trained to increase different aspects of health, believes, evaluation in order to enjoy more in physical, mental and social health and their social, family, marital and individual function be increased.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Body image
  • Obsessive beliefs
  • Pregnant Women
  • Sexual function
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