مروری بر گیاهان دارویی با خاصیت باروری و ضد باروری در مردان

نوع مقاله: مروری

نویسندگان

1 دکترای تخصصی بهداشت باروری، مرکز تحقیقات باروری و ناباروری هرمزگان، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی هرمزگان، بندرعباس، ایران.

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مامایی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران، تهران، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکترای تخصصی، دفتر تحقیقات و فناوری دانشجویان، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: 50-30% علل ناباروری مربوط به علت ناباروری مردانه است. باروری در مردان تا حدود زیادی به تعداد، کیفیت، تحرک و شکل اسپرم بستگی دارد و اختلال در هر کدام از این فاکتورها می‌تواند باعث ناباروری در مردان شود. گیاهان دارویی مختلفی همراه با خواص باروری و ضد باروری مردان در جهان وجود دارد. کاربرد این گیاهان در باروری مردان حائز اهمیت است، به طوری که تحقیقات علمی متعددی در مورد تأثیر برخی از آن‌ها انجام گرفته است، لذا مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی گیاهان دارویی با خواص ضد باروری و تقویت باروری در مردان انجام شد.
روش‌کار: برای دستیابی به مقالات مربوط از پایگاه‌های اطلاعاتی Pubmed، Medline، Cochran library، Emro، WHO، Iranmedex، SID و Google scholar استفاده شد. جهت جمع‌آوری اطلاعات مورد نیاز در ابتدا مقالاتی که در متن خود دارای یکی از کلمات کلیدی گیاهان دارویی، باروری مردان، ناباروری، دانه هویج، داراواش به تنهایی و یا به همراه اسامی سایر گیاهان بودند، در پایگاه‌های اطلاعاتی جستجو شدند. تمام مطالعات از سال 2000 تا سال 2015 وارد مطالعه شدند. در نهایت 80 مقاله که مناسب‌ترین آن‌ها از نظر پوشش موضوعی بودند، مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفتند.
یافته‌ها: گیاهان تقویت کننده باروری مردان شامل برگ گیاه جعفری، سیر، بابونه آلمانی، زعفران، شاهتره، مرزنجوش، دانه هویج و گیاهان دارای خاصیت ضد باروری در مردان شامل زردچوبه، فلفل سیاه، بومادران، کلیر، گیاه آب بشقابی، گل شیپور طلایی، گیاه بکرایی، گودوچی، پنجه گربه، دانه شوید، دارواش، گل جوجه تیغی، تاک مهره، پنج انگشت و رازیانه بودند.
نتیجه‌گیری: استفاده از گیاهان دارویی با خاصیت تقویت باروری مردان می‌توانند به عنوان جانشین یا مکمل داروهای شیمیایی مؤثر بر باروری مردان مورد استفاده قرار گیرند. از سوی دیگر توصیه می شود گیاهان با خاصیت کاهش باروری، در مردان مبتلا به اختلالات ناباروری کمتر مصرف شود و یا مورد استفاده قرار نگیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Review on herbal medicine with Fertility and Infertility characteristics in Males

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nasibeh Roozbeh 1
  • Sahar Rostami 2
  • Fatemeh Abdi 3
1 PhD of Reproductive Health, Hormozgan Fertility and Infertility Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
2 M.Sc. Student of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3 Ph.D Student, Students’ Research Office, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Male infertility is responsible for 30%-50% of infertility cases. Male fertility mainly depends on sperm morphology, quality, motility, and concentration, and abnormalities in any of these factors may result in male infertility. There are different herbal medicine with fertility and infertility characteristics in males throughout the world. The application of these plants in male fertility is of great importance, so that numerous studies have evaluated the effects of some of them. So, this study was performed with aim to evaluate herbal medicine with characteristics of fertility enhancing and infertility in males.
Methods: To access the related articles, several databases including PubMed, MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, Emro, WHO, IranMedex, SID, and Google Scholar were used. To collect the needed information, the studies were searched which contained the keywords of herbal medicine, male fertility, infertility, Daucus carota, Dendrophthoe falcate, either alone or in combination with other names of herbal medicine. The studies published during 2000-2015 were included. Finally, 80 papers with the most relevant topics were evaluated.
Results: Based on the evaluated papers, Petroselinum crispum, Allium sativum, Matricaria chemmomilla, Crocus sativus L., Fumaria Parviflora, Origanum vulgarel L. spp. viride, and Daucus carota L. had male fertility enhancing properties. In contrast, Curcurma Longa, Piper nigrum, Achillea millefolium L., Capparis deciduas, Centella Asiatica, Allamanda cathartica, Aegle marmelos, Tinospora cordifolia, Martynia annua, Anethum graveolens, Mistletoe, Barleriaprionitis , and Abrus precatorius had male antifertility characteristics.
Conclusion: The use of herbal medicine with fertility enhancing properties can be used as supplements or alternatives to fertility chemical drugs in men. On the other hand, it is recommended that plants with antifertility properties should be less used or be avoided by men with fertility abnormalities.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Daucus carota
  • Dendrophthoe falcate
  • Herbal Medicine
  • male fertility
  • Infertility
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