ارزیابی نقادانه شواهد پژوهشی در زمینه نگرش زنان ایرانی نسبت به یائسگی

نوع مقاله: اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای تخصصی بهداشت باروری، کمیته تحقیقات دانشجویی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

2 دانشیار گروه مامایی، مرکز تحقیقات ایمنی بیمار، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: کیفیت مطلوب یک مقاله پژوهشی، شرط اصلی استفاده از آن در فرآیند مراقبت مبتنی بر شواهد است، لذا مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی و تحلیل نقادانه مطالعات منتشر شده در مورد نگرش زنان ایرانی نسبت به یائسگی انجام شد.
روش کار: در این ارزیابی نقادانه، بانک ‌های اطلاعاتی Science Direct، Scopus، PubMed، Google Scholar و همچنین بانک‌ های اطلاعاتی فارسی از جمله Magiran و SID از سال 1990 تا ژانویه 2015 با کلیدواژه‌های "یائسگی"، "نگرش"، "زنان ایرانی"، "ایران" و یا ترکیبی از این کلمات، جستجو شدند و 19 مقاله که نگرش زنان ایرانی نسبت به یائسگی در آن‌ها بررسی شده بود، مورد تحلیل نقادانه قرار گرفت. ارزیابی کیفیت مقالات توسط چک لیست CASP انجام و آیتم ‌های آن در چهار حیطه طبقه ‌بندی شد. کیفیت کلی مقالات نیز در سه حیطه خوب، متوسط و ضعیف طبقه ‌بندی شد.
یافته‌ها: کیفیت 10 مقاله (63/52%) در سطح خوب و 9 مقاله (36/47%) در سطح متوسط بود. حیطه مشخصات مشارکت‌کنندگان با 40% نمره و حیطه طراحی مطالعه با 31/86% از نمره قابل اکتساب کم‌ترین و بیش‌ترین امتیاز را داشتند. در 2 مقاله (52/10%) از پرسشنامه‌ های استاندارد استفاده شده بود و تنها 11 مقاله (89/57%) نحوه ارزیابی روایی و پایایی پرسشنامه‌ ها را ذکر کرده بودند.
نتیجه‌گیری: کیفیت مقالات منتشر شده در زمینه نگرش زنان نسبت به یائسگی مطلوب نمی‌باشد. پیشنهاد می‌شود نویسندگان و داوران مجلات از دستورالعمل‌های استاندارد نگارش مقالات پیروی کنند. به علاوه نیاز است که دوره‌های آموزشی برای آشنایی با این دستورالعمل‌ها برگزار شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Critical Appraisal of Research Evidence on Iranian Women’s Attitude towards Menopause

نویسندگان [English]

  • Narjes Bahri 1
  • Robab Latifnejad Roudsari 2
1 PhD Student in Reproductive Health, Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Midwifery, Patient's Safety Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Good quality is the main requirement of a research article to be used in the process of evidence-based care. Therefore, the present study was performed with aim to critically evaluate and analyze the published articles on Iranian women’s attitude towards menopause.
Methods: In this critical appraisal, the databases including Science Direct, Scopus, PubMed, Google Scholar, as well as Persian databases of Magiran, and SID were searched from 1990to January 2015 using the keywords of “menopause”, “attitude”, “Iranian women”, and “Iran” or combinations of these words. 19 original articles which examined Iranian women’s attitude towards menopause were critically analyzed. CASP checklist was used to check the quality of the articles, and its items were categorized into four domains. Total quality of the articles was also divided into three categories of high, moderate and low. 
Results: Among the articles, 10 articles (52.63%) had high quality, and 9 (47.36%) had moderate quality. The domain of participants' characteristics with 40% of the obtainable score, and study design with 86.31% of the obtainable score had the lowest and highest scores, respectively. The standardized questionnaires were used only in 2 articles (10.52%), and only 11 articles (57.89%) had mentioned the method of measuring the reliability and validity of the questionnaires.
Conclusion: The quality of published articles on women’s attitude towards menopause was not satisfactory. It is recommended that authors and journal reviewers to follow the standard guidelines for scientific writing. Also, training courses is required to be held in order to familiarize the researchers with these guidelines.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Article
  • Attitude
  • Critical appraisal
  • Iranian women
  • Menopause
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