مقایسه طرحواره های ناسازگار اولیه و سبک های دلبستگی در زنان مبتلا به واژینیسموس و زنان عادی

نوع مقاله: اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روان شناسی، دانشکده روانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تربت جام، تربت جام، ایران.

2 استادیار روان شناسی بالینی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری، سبزوار، ایران.

3 استادیار گروه روانپزشکی، مرکز تحقیقات اعتیاد وعلوم رفتاری، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی خراسان شمالی، بجنورد، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: طرحواره‌های ناسازگار اولیه و سبک‌های دلبستگی ناایمن زیربنای بسیاری از اختلالات روانشناختی هستند. مطالعه حاضر با هدف شناسایی طرحواره‌های ناسازگار اولیه و سبک‌های دلبستگی در زنان مبتلا به واژینیسموس و مقایسه آن با زنان عادی انجام شد.
روش‌کار: این مطالعه علمی- مقایسه‌ای در سال 1393 بر روی دو گروه 30 نفری (گروه زنان عادی و گروه زنان مبتلا به واژینیسموس) انجام شد. زنان مبتلا به واژینیسموس به روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند از طریق ارجاع توسط متخصصان زنان و زایمان، روان پزشکان و روان شناسان شهر تهران انتخاب شدند و با زنان عادی که از نظر متغیرهای سن و تحصیلات با گروه اول همتا شدند، مورد مقایسه قرار گرفتند. گردآوری داده ها با استفاده از پرسشنامه طرحواره‌های ناسازگاراولیه یانگ- فرم کوتاه و مقیاس سبک‌های دلبستگی بزرگسالان کولینز و رید انجام شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها با استفاده از نرم افزار SPSS (نسخه 20) و آزمون تحلیل واریانس چند متغیری انجام شد. میزان p کمتر از 05/0 معنادار در نظر گرفته شد.
یافته‌ها: میانگین نمرات تمام طرحواره‌های ناسازگار اولیه در زنان مبتلا به واژینیسموس به طور معناداری از میانگین نمرات افراد عادی در این مؤلفه‌ها بیشتر بود (01/0>p). سبک دلبستگی دو گروه در زیرمقیاس نزدیکی و اضطرابی تفاوت معناداری داشت (01/0>p)؛ به طوری که زنان مبتلا به واژینیسموس در مقایسه با زنان عادی به طور معناداری از سبک دلبستگی اضطرابی بیشتر و از سبک دلبستگی نزدیکی کمتر استفاده می کردند. در سبک دلبستگی وابستگی دو گروه تفاوت معناداری نداشتند (1/0=p).
نتیجه‌گیری: زنان مبتلا به واژینیسموس در مقایسه با زنان عادی دارای طرحواره‌های ناسازگار اولیه بیشتر و سبک دلبستگی اضطرابی می‌باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of early maladaptive schemas and attachment styles in women with vaginismus and normal women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Somayeh Hamidi 1
  • Hossein Shareh 2
  • Seyed Kaveh Hojjat 3
1 M.Sc. of Psychology, School of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Torbate Jam Branch, Torbate Jam, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Literature and Human Sciences, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Addiction and Behavioral Sciences Research center, School of Medicine, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Early maladaptive schemas and insecure attachment styles are the basis of many psychological disorders. This study was performed with aim to identify the early maladaptive schemas and attachment styles in women with vaginismus and comparing with normal women.
Methods: This scientific-comparative study was performed on two 30 cases groups (women with vaginismus and normal women) in 2014. Women with vaginismus were selected by convenience and purposeful sampling method by referring from gynecologist, psychiatrists and psychologists in Tehran, and were compared with normal women who were matched with first group in term of age and education. Data collection was performed by Young Schema Questionnaire- short form (YSQ-SF) and Collins and Read Revised Adult Attachment Scale (RAAS). Data were analyzed by SPSS software (version 20) and multiple variance analyses (MANOVA). P<0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: The mean score of all early maladaptive schemas in women with vaginismus was significantly more than normal women (P<0.01). Attachment styles of two groups were significantly different in terms of closeness and anxiety (P<0.01). So that, the women vaginismus significantly more used the anxiety style and less used closeness style than normal women. There was no significant difference between two groups in dependent attachment style (P=0.1).
Conclusion: The women with vaginismus had more early maladaptive schemas and anxiety attachment style comparing to normal women.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Attachment styles, Early maladaptive schema, Sexual disorder,s
  • Vaginismus
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