بررسی اثربخشی زوج درمانی هیجان مدار(EFT ) بر افزایش سازگاری زناشویی و ارتقای سلامت جسمی و روانشناختی زوجین نابارور

نوع مقاله: اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روان شناسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه علم و فرهنگ،تهران، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه روان شناسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه علم و فرهنگ تهران، تهران، ایران.

3 استاد، مرکز تحقیقات علوم رفتاری، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بقیه الله (عج)، تهران، ایران.

4 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی، مرکز تحقیقات علوم رفتاری، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بقیه الله (عج)، تهران، ایران.

5 کارشناس ارشد روان شناسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه علم و فرهنگ، تهران، ایران.

6 کارشناس ارشد روان شناسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد نیشابور، نیشابور، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: هدف پژوهش حاضر ، تعیین اثربخشی زوج درمانی هیجان مدار(EFT ) برافزایش سازگاری و ارتقای سلامت جسمی و روانشناختی زوجین نابارور بود .
روش کار: طرح پژوهش ، از نوع نیمه آزمایشی، با پیش آزمون ، پس آزمون بود .به این منظور ، تعداد 60 زوج (120 نفر) نابارور شهر کرمانشاه به صورت نمونه گیری مبتنی بر هدف انتخاب شدند و به طور تصادفی 30 زوج (60 نفر) در دو گروه آزمایش و گواه جای گرفتند . ابتدا زوجین به پرسش نامه های سازگاری زناشویی و کیفیت زندگی پاسخ دادند  سپس افراد گروه آزمایش به مدت 10 جلسه تحت آموزش زوج درمانی هیجان مدارEFT قرار گرفتند .
یافته ها: بر اساس مقایسه پیش آزمون و پس آزمون دوگروه ، یافته ها نشان داد که آموزش زوج درمانی هیجان مدار تاثیر معناداری بر افزایش سازگاری زناشویی (رضایت، همبستگی، توافق و ابراز محبت) و کیفیت زندگی (سلامت جسمانی، سلامت روانشناختی) دارد.
نتیجه‌گیری: نتایج نشان داد که زوج درمانی هیجان مدار در افزایش رضایت، همبستگی، توافق و ابراز محبت زوجین تاثیر معناداری دارد. همچنین این رویکرد درمانی در زمینه افزایش سلامت جسمانی، سلامت روانشناختی زوجین نابارور نیز موثر بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The study of the effectiveness of couple emotionally focused therapy (EFT) on increasing marital adjustment and improving the physical and psychological health of the infertile couples.

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Najafi 1
  • Aliakbar Soleimani 2
  • Khodabakhsh Ahmadi 3
  • Nasirodin Javidi 4
  • Elnaz Hoseni 5
  • Fatemeh Pirjavid 6
1 M.Sc. of Psychology,school of Humanism, University of Science and Culture, Tehran, Iran.
2 Assistant professor, Department of Psychology, School of Humanism, Tehran University of Science and Culture, Tehran, Iran
3 Professor, Department of Psychology, Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Tehran Baghiyatollah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4 M.Sc. of Psychology, Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Tehran Baghiyatollah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
5 M.Sc. of Psychology,school of Humanism, University of Science and Culture, Tehran, Iran.
6 M.Sc. of Psychology, School of Humanism, Islamic Azad university Neyshabur branch, Neyshabur, Iran.
چکیده [English]

 
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to determine the efficiency of couple emotionally focused therapy on increasing marital adjustment and improving the physical and psychological health of the infertile couples, physical health and psychological health in couples.
Method: this investigation was semi-experimental with pre-test and post-test. To achieve this objective, 60 infertile couples (120 subjects) in Kermanshah were chosen based on the Purposeful sampling. They were divided into two groups at random: each group consisted of 30 infertile couples: one experimental and one control group. At first, couples answered a questionnaire of marital adjustment and quality of life. Then experimental groups were trained under EFT for 10 sessions.
Results: Results of pre- test and post – test showed that emotional couple therapy training has a significant effect on marital adjustment (satisfaction, cohesion, agreements and expressing affection) and quality of life (physical health, psychological health).
conclusion: results show that couple emotionally focused therapy has a significant effect on enhancement of satisfaction, cohesion, and expressing affection. Eventually, they quality of life of infertile couples increases significantly with using couple emotionally focused therapy. Also, this therapeutic approach improved physical health and psychological health of infertile couples.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Couple therapy
  • emotionally focused
  • Marital adjustment
  • Physical health
  • psychological health
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