بررسی وضعیت اضطراب مادران باردار در سه ماهه سوم بارداری و عوامل مرتبط با آن در مراجعه کنندگان به بیمارستان های شهر بندرعباس در سال 1391

نوع مقاله: اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای تخصصی پرستاری، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران.

2 کارشناسی ارشد پرستاری کودکان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد بندرعباس، بندرعباس، ایران.

3 مربی گروه مامایی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد اصفهان(خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: اضطراب، از شایع ‎ترین اختلالات روانی در طول بارداری به ‎ویژه در سه ماهه سوم بارداری می‎باشد و عوامل مختلفی در بروز این اختلال نقش دارند. مطالعه حاضر با هدف تعیین وضعیت اضطراب مادران باردار در سه ماهه سوم بارداری و عوامل مرتبط با آن انجام شد.
روش‎ کار: این مطالعه طولی در سال1391 بر روی 75 مادر باردار مراجعه کننده به درمانگاه زنان بیمارستان‎ های شهر بندرعباس جهت مراقبت ‎های معمول بارداری انجام شد. داده‎ ها از طریق پرسشنامه اضطراب اشپیل برگر در سه نوبت (هفته‏ های 32-29، 36-33 و 42-37 بارداری) و پرسشنامه اطلاعات فردی گردآوری شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده ‏ها با استفاده از نرم‎ افزار آماری SPSS (نسخه 20) و آزمون‏ های آنالیز واریانس، تی تست و آنالیز واریانس یک طرفه انجام شد. میزان p کمتر از 05/0 معنی دار در نظر گرفته شد.
یافته‎ها: نتایج مطالعه نشان داد، حدود نیمی از مادران، دارای نمرات متوسط به بالای اضطراب آشکار (6/42%) و پنهان (3/45%) بودند. ولی بین میانگین اضطراب آشکار و پنهان مادران در سه نوبت اندازه‎گیری تفاوت معنی ‎دار‎ی مشاهده نشد (16/0=p، 107/0=p). همچنین ارتباط معنی‎ داری بین سن، تحصیلات مادر، وضعیت اشتغال، تعداد زایمان‎ ها و سقط، نوع بارداری و جنسیت نوزاد با اضطراب آشکار و پنهان آن‎ ها در سه ماهه سوم بارداری مشاهده نشد (05/0<p).
نتیجه‎گیری: اضطراب مادران باردار در سه ماهه سوم بارداری در سطح بالایی است. بنابراین تدوین برنامه‎ های مربوط به ارزیابی سلامت روانی مادران در مراقبت‎ های دوران بارداری منطقی به نظر می رسد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Anxiety status in pregnant mothers at third trimester of pregnancy and its related factors in referrals to Bandar Abbas Hospitals in 2012

نویسندگان [English]

  • Narges sadeghi 1
  • Shilan Azizi 2
  • Mitra Molaeinezhad 3
1 PhD student of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan (Khorasgan ) Branch, Isfahan, Iran.
2 MS.c of Pediatric Nursing, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Abbas Branch, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
3 lecture of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Isfahan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Anxiety is one of the most common psychological disorders during pregnancy especially third trimester of pregnancy and many factors influence on the incidence of this disorder. This study was performed with the aim to determine maternal anxiety status at third trimester of pregnancy and its related factors.
Methods: This longitudinal study was performed in 2012 on 75 pregnant mothers referred to gynecology clinics of Bandar-Abbas Hospitals for routine prenatal care. Data was collected using Spielberger's questionnaire at three times (29-32, 33-36 and 37-42 weeks of pregnancy) and demographic questionnaire was collected. Data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 20), and T-test, ANOVA (analysis of variance) and one-way ANOVA. P< 0.05 was considered significant.
Results: The results of the study showed that about half of the mother had moderate and high scores of state and trate anxiety (42.6% and 45.3%, respectively), but there was no significant correlation between mean of maternal state and trate anxiety at three times of measurement (P=0.107, P=0.16). Also, no significant relations were found between maternal age, education level, job status, parity and abortion, baby gender with their state and trate anxiety at third trimester of pregnancy (P>0.05).
Conclusion: Maternal anxiety at third trimester of pregnancy is at high level. Therefore, Preparation of the programs related to health assessment during pregnancy care seems to be logical.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Anxiety
  • pregnancy
  • Risk factors
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