بارداری سالم از دیدگاه طب سنتی ایران و مقایسه اجمالی آن با طب نوین

نوع مقاله: مروری

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه طب سنتی، دانشکده طب سنتی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.

2 استاد گروه طب سنتی، پژوهشگر طب سنتی، دانشکده طب سنتی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران، تهران، ایران.

3 متخصص طب سنتی، تهران، ایران.

4 استادیار گروه طب سنتی، مرکز تحقیقات طب سنتی و مکمل، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مازندران، مازندران، ایران.

5 دستیار طب سنتی، دانشکده طب سنتی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

6 استادیار گروه طب سنتی، دانشکده طب سنتی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: بهداشت مادران باردار، یکی از اساسی‏ترین راه‏های حفظ سلامت جنین و مادر است. حکمای طب سنتی ایران تلاش اصلی خود را در زمینه حفظ سلامتی فرد و جامعه متمرکز کرده و دستورات ساده بهداشتی و دستورالعمل‏های کاربردی در دوران بارداری ارائه کرده اند که در این نوشتار، این دستورات جمع‏بندی و با مقالات و تحقیقات جدید مقایسه شدند.
روش کار: در این مطالعه مروری و کتابخانه‏‏ای، کتب مرجع و مهم طب سنتی و مقالات جدید مورد بررسی قرار گرفت و یافته‏های دانشمندان طب نوین با یافته‏های حکمای طب سنتی به طور اجمالی مقایسه شدند و تحقیقات جدید در مورد تغذیه، مقاربت، حمام و حالات روحی و روانی و سبک زندگی در دوران بارداری در پایگاه های  Google scholar،PubMed ،Magiran ، SID، IranDoc و IranMedex بررسی شدند.
یافته‏ها: از دیدگاه طب سنتی ایران، برای حفظ زندگی سالم و پیشگیری از بروز بیماری ها، رعایت اصولی ضروری است که از آنها تحت عنوان اصول شش گانه حفظ سلامت نام برده می‏شود که در مورد بهداشت آب و هوا، غذا، فعالیت بدنی متعادل، خواب و بیداری، حبس و دفع مواد از بدن و به خصوص بهداشت روانی، توصیه‏های کاربردی و دقیقی داده شده است.
نتیجه‏گیری: با توجه به دقت نظر اندیشمندان طب سنتی ایران در مراقبت‏های دوران بارداری، شاید امروزه بتوان در مباحث بهداشت بارداری و ایده‏پردازی‏ها و تحقیقات مربوط به این دوران از یافته‏های حکما استفاده کرد و زیر بنای تحقیقات را بر گفته‏ها و تجربیات بزرگانی همچون ابوعلی‏سینا و رازی پایه گذاری کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Healthy Pregnancy in Perspective of Iranian Traditional Medicine and its Brief Comparison with Modern Medicine

نویسندگان [English]

  • Roshanak Mokaberinejad 1
  • Mojgan Tansaz 1
  • Soodabeh Bioos 2
  • Effat Jafari Dehkordi 3
  • Elham Akhtari 3
  • Sedighe Yousefi 4
  • Monirsadat Rouhollahi 5
  • Malihe Tabarrai 6
  • Somayeh Mahroozade 5
  • Nasrin Baeiry 5
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2 Professor, Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine ، Tehran University of Medical Sciences ، Tehran ، Iran.
3 Expert of Traditional Medicine، Tehran، Iran.
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Traditional Medicine, Traditional and Complementary Medicine Research Center, Sari University of Medical Sciences, Mazandaran, Iran
5 Resident of Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
6 Assistant Professor, Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Maternal health in pregnancy is one of the most crucial ways to maintain maternal and fetal health. Pioneer physicians of Iranian traditional medicine have focused their efforts on maintaining the individual and community health and have recommended simple health-promoting and functional instructions during pregnancy that in this study ،these guidelines have been summarized and compared and contrasted with new articles and researches.
Methods: In this review and library study, the main resource textbooks of traditional medicine and new studies have been evaluated and the findings of scientists of modern medicine were briefly compared with those of traditional medicine, and new researches on nutrition, sexual intercourse, bathing and mental and emotional status and lifestyle during pregnancy were reviewed in Google Scholar, Pubmed, Magiran, SID, Irandoc, and Iranmedex databases.
Results: In perspective of Iranian traditional medicine, to maintain healthy life and prevention from the incidence of diseases, observing some principles is necessary which are titled as six principles of maintaining health that precise and practical recommendations are suggested about health of climate, food, balanced physical activity, sleeping and wakefulness, custody and disposal of waste materials from the body, and specially mental health.
Conclusion: Regarding the meticulous attention of Iranian Tradition Medicine scholars to maternal healthcare during pregnancy, perhaps now we can use the findings of physicians about pregnancy health issues and ideas and research findings related to this period and lay the foundation of researches on the statement and experiences of great scholars and practitioners such as Avicenna and Razi.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • health
  • Iranian Traditional Medicine
  • lifestyle
  • pregnancy
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