بررسی تأثیر آموزش های جنسی مبتنی بر آموزه های دینی بر سازگاری زناشویی زنان متأهل

نوع مقاله: اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مربی گروه مامایی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مامایی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

3 دستیار تخصصی پزشکی اجتماعی، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

4 دانشیار گروه معارف اسلامی، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

5 استادیار گروه روانشناسی بالینی، مرکز تحقیقات روانپزشکی و علوم رفتاری، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: سازگاری زناشویی، پایه و اساس زندگی مشترک است. دو مورد از مهمترین عوامل مؤثر بر آن، رضایت جنسی و اعتقادات مذهبی می باشد. دین و مذهب نیز به نقش آموزش های جنسی تأکید ورزیده است، لذا مطالعه حاضر با هدف توأم ساختن آموزش های جنسی با آموزه های دینی مرتبط با آن و بررسی تأثیر آن بر سازگاری زناشویی زنان متأهل انجام شد.
روش‌کار: این مطالعه نیمه تجربی یک گروهه با پیش آزمون و پس آزمون در سال 1391 بر روی 30 زن متأهل مراجعه کننده به دو مرکز بهداشتی - درمانی شهر مشهد انجام شد. واحدهای پژوهش به مدت 6 هفته در کلاس های آموزشی شرکت کردند. ابزار گردآوری داده ها در این مطالعه شامل: فرم مشخصات فردی، پرسشنامه سازگاری زناشویی اسپانیر و مقیاس شاخص عملکرد جنسی زنان بود. تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها با استفاده از نرم افزار آماری SPSS (نسخه 5/11) و آزمون های تی زوجی و ضریب همبستگی انجام شد. میزان p‌ کمتر از 05/0 معنی دار در نظر گرفته شد.
یافته‌ها: میانگین سن زنان 2/7±9/33 سال و میانگین مدت ازدواج آنان 8/6±1/13 سال بود. اکثر زنان خانه دار بوده و درآمد در حد کفاف داشتند. پس از آموزش،نمره کل سازگاری زناشویی از 51/19±12/94 به 5/16±61/102 ارتقاء یافت (002/0=p) و در خرده مقیاس های توافق (002/0=p) و تجلی ابراز احساسات (01/0=p) تفاوت آماری معنی داری مشاهده شد.
نتیجه‌گیری: آموزش های جنسی توأم با آموزه های دینی می تواند باعث افزایش سازگاری زناشویی کلی، توافق و تجلی عواطف در زندگی زناشویی شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Effects of Sex Education Based on Religious Education on Marital Adjustment in Married Women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sedigheh Yousefzadeh 1
  • Fatemeh Nameni 2
  • Nahid Golmakani 1
  • Mona Najaf Najafi 3
  • Mahdi Ebrahimi 4
  • Morteza Modarres Gharavi 5
1 Lecturer, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
2 M.Sc. Student of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
3 Resident of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
4 Associate Professor, Department of Islamic Education, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
5 Assistant Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Marital adjustment is basis for marital life. Two important factors affects on marital adjustment are sex satisfaction and religious beliefs. Faith and religion have also encouraged to sex education. The aim of this study was combining sex education and religious education and investigating those effects on marital adjustment in married women.
Methods: This single group quasi-experimental study with pre-test and post-test was conducted on 30 married women referred to two health centers of Mashhad, Iran in 2011. Cases took part in educational classes for 6 weeks. Data were gathered by Spanier Dyadic Adjustment Scale, characteristic demographic and Female Sexual Function Index questionnaires. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 11.5 and paired t-test and Pearson correlation coefficient test. P value less than 0.05 was considered significant.
Results: The mean age of women was 33.9±7.2 years and the mean length of marriage was 13.1±6.8 years. Majority of women were housekeeper and income level was sufficient. After education, the total score of marital adjustment increased from 94.12±19.51 to 102.61±16.5 (p=0.002) and there were significant differences in consensus (p=0.002) and affectional expression (p=0.01) subscales.
Conclusion: The sex education based on religious education can increase total marital adjustment and consensus and affectional expression among couples.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Adaptation/Psychological
  • Marriage
  • Religion
  • Sex education
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