شیوع واریس بارداری و عوامل مرتبط با آن در زنان مراجعه‌کننده به بیمارستان‌های زنان سطح شهر تبریز

نوع مقاله: اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه جراحی عروق، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

2 کارشناس ارشد پرستاری، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

3 کارشناس ارشد پرستاری، مرکز تحقیقات واحد توسعه بالینی بیمارستان شهدا، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

10.22038/ijogi.2019.13996

چکیده

مقدمه: با توجه به عدم گزارش شیوع واریس بارداری در ایران و عوارض نامطلوبی که این نوع واریس بر بارداری و زایمان دارد، مطالعه حاضر با هدف شیوع واریس بارداری و عوامل مرتبط با آن انجام شد.
روش‌کار: این مطالعه تحلیلی- مقطعی در سال 1397 بر روی 275 زن باردار در بیمارستان‌های زنان سطح شهر تبریز انجام شد. جهت تعیین شدت علائم واریس از چک‌لیست CEAP استفاده شد. داده‌ها پس از تکمیل به‌صورت دستی توسط پژوهشگر جمع‌آوری شدند. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار آماری SPSS (نسخه 20) و آزمون ضریب همبستگی اسپیرمن انجام شد. میزان p کمتر از 05/0 معنی‌دار در نظر گرفته شد.
یافته‌ها: در مطالعه حاضر شیوع واریس بارداری 18/18% (50 نفر) بود و از میان زنانی که به واریس مبتلا شده بودند، اکثر آنها یعنی 26 نفر (4/9%) واریس خفیف داشتند. همچنین بین واریس بارداری و متغیر‌های سن (005/0=p)، شاخص توده بدنی (02/0=p)، سن بارداری (001/0=p)، مصرف سیگار (01/0=p) و سابقه ترومبوز ورید عمقی (03/0=p) ارتباط آماری معناداری وجود داشت.
نتیجه‌گیری: شیوع واریس بارداری در مطالعه حاضر در حدود 2/18% بود و عواملی همچون سن، شاخص توده بدنی، سن بارداری، مصرف سیگار و سابقه ترومبوز ورید عمقی، از عوامل اصلی مؤثر بر ابتلاء به این بیماری بودند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Prevalence of pregnancy varicose and its effective factors in women referred to gynecology hospitals in Tabriz

نویسندگان [English]

  • Dara Alvandfar 1
  • Mahrokh Alizadeh 2
  • Mehdi Khanbabayi Gol 3
1 Assistant professor, Department of Vascular Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
2 M.Sc. in Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
3 M.Sc. in Nursing, Clinical Research Development Unit of Shohada Hospital, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Regarding to the lack of reports about the prevalence of pregnancy varicose in Iran and the adverse effects of this type of varicose on pregnancy and childbirth, this study was performed with aim to evaluate the prevalence of pregnancy varicose and its related factors.
Methods: This analytical-cross-sectional study was performed on 275 pregnant women in gynecology hospitals of Tabriz in 2018. The CEAP checklist was used to determine the severity of varicose symptoms. Data were collected by the researcher after completion. Data were analyzed by SPSS software (version 20) and spearman correlation test. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: The prevalence of pregnancy varicose was 18.18% (n=50), and among women who had varicose, the majority (n=26, 9.4%) had mild varicose. Also, there was significant relationship between pregnancy varicose and age (P=0.005), BMI (P=0.02), gestational age (P=0.001), smoking (P=0.01) and history of deep vein thrombosis (P=0.03).
Conclusion: The prevalence of pregnancy varicose in the present study was about 18.2%. The factors such as age, body mass index, gestational age, smoking and history of deep vein thrombosis are among the main factors affecting the disease.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • pregnancy
  • Risk Factor
  • Varicose
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