مروری بر آرای طب سنتی ایرانی در خصوص درمان سندرم تخمدان پلی‫کیستیک با زالو‬‬‬

نوع مقاله: مروری

نویسندگان

1 دکترای تخصصی طب سنتی، دانشکده طب سنتی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قم، قم، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه طب سنتی، دانشکده طب سنتی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: سندرم تخمدان پلی‫کیستیک، یکی از شایع‌ترین اختلالات اندوکرین در زنان سنین باروری است. طب مکمل با دید جامع و کل‫نگر خود در درمان بیماری‫ها‫‫ در بسیاری از کشورها مورد استقبال عمومی قرار گرفته است. زالودرمانی از روش‫ها‫‫ی درمانی در طب سنتی ایرانی است که از زمان‫ها‫‫ی قدیم تاکنون در درمان بسیاری از بیماری‫ها‫‫ به‌کار می‫‫رفته است. مطالعه حاضر با هدف مروری بر آرای طب سنتی ایرانی در خصوص درمان سندرم تخمدان پلی‫کیستیک با زالو انجام شد.
روش‌کار: در این مطالعه مروری مباحث مربوط به سندرم تخمدان پلی‫کیستیک و زالودرمانی از منابع طب سنتی ایران مانند قانون، خلاصه‫الحکمه، اکسیر اعظم و مفرح‫القلوب مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. سپس مقالات موجود در بانک‫ها‫‫ی اطلاعاتی از جمله PubMed، Google Scholar، Scopus، SID و magiran با کلیدواژه‫های leech، leech theapy، Hirudo medicinalis، Hirudins و Hirudins به همراهpolysystic ovary syndrome، uterus،oligoamenorrhea و نیز زالو به همراه آمنوره، الیگومنوره، رحم، سندرم تخمدان پلی‫کیستیک در مقالات مروری و بالینی به زبان فارسی و انگلیسی و بدون محدودیت زمانی مورد جستجو قرار گرفت و مطالب مرتبط با موضوع استخراج شده، بررسی و دسته‫بندی شدند.
یافته‫ها: علائم سندرم تخمدان پلی‫کیستیک مانند بزرگی و سفتی تخمدان‫ها‫‫، قطع و کاهش خونریزی قاعدگی در منابع طب سنتی ایرانی تحت عنوان احتباس طمث بیان شده است. زالو‫درمانی با برقراری قاعدگی، خارج کردن مواد زائد از بدن و نیز اثرات آنتی‫اکسیدان و ضد التهابی در این بیماران مفید است.
نتیجه‫گیری: زالودرمانی می‫‫تواند به‌عنوان درمان مکمل و کمکی در درمان بیماران مبتلا به سندرم تخمدان پلی‫کیستیک مورد استفاده قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A review on Iranian Traditional Medicine about Leech Therapy in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Bahman 1
  • Mojgan Tansaz 2
1 Ph.D of Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders in women of reproductive age. Complementary medicine with a comprehensive and holistic approach in treating the diseases has become more popular in many countries. Since ancient times, leech therapy has been used to treat many diseases in Iranian traditional medicine. The present study was conducted with aim to review Iranian traditional medicine about leech therapy in polycystic ovary syndrome.
Methods: In this review study, the issues related to polycystic ovary syndrome and leech therapy were studied in Iranian traditional medicine sources such as Qanun, kholasat al-hekmeh, Exir-e-aazam and Mofarrah al-gholub. Then, searching was performed in databases of PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, SID, and Magiran using the keywords such as “leech”, “leech therapy”, “Hirudo medicinalis”, “Hirudins” with “polycystic ovary syndrome”, “uterus”, and “oligoamenorrhea”. The review papers and clinical trial studies were searched in Persian and English languages without any time limitation, and the related materials were extracted and categorized.
Results: The symptoms of PCOS such as the enlargement and stiffness of the ovaries and oligoamenorrhea were reported in ITM references entitled as “Ehtebas tams”. Leech therapy is useful in treatment of these patients by reducing the ovarian swelling, causing menstruation, eliminating waste material, as well as antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.
Conclusion: Leech therapy can be used as a complementary treatment in patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Ehtebas tams
  • Hirudins
  • Hirudo medicinalis
  • Iranian Traditional Medicine
  • Leech
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
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